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La Florida

Golden Age of Piracy - Chapter Decoration

Background

The colonial governors of Florida governed over Florida during its colonial period. The first European to arrive there was Juan Ponce de León in 1513, but the governorship did not begin until 1565, when Pedro Menéndez de Avilés founded St. Augustine. This district was subordinated to the Viceroyalty of New Spain. In 1763, following the transfer of Florida to Britain, the territory was divided into West Florida and East Florida, with separate governors. This division was maintained when Spain resumed control of Florida in 1783, and continued as provincial divisions with the Spanish Constitution of 1812. The Spanish transferred control of Florida to the United States in 1821, and the organized, incorporated Florida Territory was established on March 30, 1822. This became the modern State of Florida on March 3, 1845. First Spanish period, 1565-1763 Pedro Menéndez de Avilés 1565 - 1574 founder of St. Augustine and Adelantado of the first Florida government Diego de Velasco 1574 - 1576 acting Hernando de Miranda 1576 Gutierre de Miranda 1576 - 1577 acting Pedro Menéndez de Márquez and Rodrigo del Junco (the latter ruled between 1590 and 1592) 1577 - 1594 beginning of the Timucua missionizations Domingo Martínez de Avendaño 1594 - 1595 Alonso de las Alas, Bartolomé de Argüelles, and Juan Menéndez Márquez 1595 - 1597 acting Gonzalo Méndez de Cancio y Donlebún 1597 - 1603 Pedro de Ibarra 1603 - 1610 Juan Fernández de Olivera 1610 - 1612 Juan de Arraçola and Joseph de Olivera 1612 - 1613 acting Juan Treviño de Guillamas 1613 - 1618 Juan de Salinas 1618 - 1624 Luis de Rojas y Borja 1624 - 1630 Andrés Rodríguez de Villegas 1630 - 1631 Nicolás Ponce de León and Eugenio de Espinosa 1631 - 1633 acting Luis de Horruytiner 1633 - 1638 Apalachee missions established Damián de Vega Castro y Pardo 1639 - 1645 Benito Ruíz de Salazar Vallecilla 1645 - 1646 Francisco Menéndez Márquez and Pedro Benedit Horruytiner 1646 - 1648 acting Benito Ruíz de Salazar Vallecilla 1648 - 1651 Nicolás Ponce de León 1651 acting Pedro Horruytiner Benedit 1651 - 1654 acting Diego de Rebolledo y Suárez de Aponte 1654 - 1659 Alonso de Aranguiz y Cortés 1659 - 1663 Nicolás Ponce de León II 1663 - 1664 acting Francisco de la Guerra y de la Vega 1664 - 1671 Manuel de Çendoya 1671 - 1673 Nicolás Ponce de León II 1673 - 1675 acting Pablo de Hita y Salazar 1675 - 1680 Juan Márquez Cabrera 1680 - 1687 Pedro de Aranda y Avellaneda 1687 acting Diego de Quiroga y Losada 1687 - 1693 Laureano de Torres y Ayala, Marquis of Casa Torres 1693 - 1699 later served as royal governor of Cuba José de Zúñiga y la Cerda 1699 - 1706 later served as governor of Cartagena de Indias Francisco de Córcoles y Martínez 1706 - 1716 Pedro de Olivera y Fullana 1716 Juan de Ayala y Escobar 1716 - 1718 acting Antonio de Benavides 1718 - 1734 Francisco del Moral y Sánchez 1734 - 1737 Manuel Joseph de Justís 1737 acting Manuel de Montiano 1737 - 1749 Melchor de Navarrete 1749 - 1752 Fulgencio García de Solís 1752 - 1755 acting Alonso Fernández de Heredia 1755 - 1758 Lucas Fernando de Palacio y Valenzuela 1758 - 1761 Alonso de Cárdenas 1761 - 1762 acting Melchor Feliú 1762 - 1763 oversaw migration of many Spanish Floridians to Cuba

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