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Saint Kitts

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Saint Kitts

Golden Age of Piracy - Chapter Decoration

Background

The island of Saint Kitts, also known as the French colony of Saint-Christophe is an island in the West Indies that is part of the Leeward Islands of the Lesser Antilles. The capital of the island is Basseterre and the island features the largest fortress in the eastern Caribbean known as the Brimstone Hill Fortress.

British Empire - St. Kitts Map

St. Kitts Map

Pre-Columbus

During the last Ice Age, the sea level was 200 feet (61 m) lower and St. Kitts and Nevis were one island along with Sint Eustatius (also known as Statia). St. Kitts was originally settled by pre-agricultural, pre-ceramic "Archaic people", who migrated south down the archipelago from Florida. In a few hundred years they disappeared, to be replaced by the ceramic-using and agriculturalist Saladoid people around 100 BC, who migrated to St. Kitts north up the archipelago from the banks of the Orinoco River in Venezuela. Around 800 AD, they were replaced by the Igneri people, members of the Arawak group. Around 1300, the Kalinago, or Carib people arrived on the islands. These war-like people quickly dispersed the Igneri, and forced them northwards to the Greater Antilles. They named Saint Kitts "Liamuiga" meaning "fertile island", and would likely have expanded further north if not for the arrival of Europeans. A Spanish expedition under Christopher Columbus discovered and claimed the island for Spain in 1493. A short-lived French Huguenot settlement was established at Dieppe Bay in 1538. The first English colony was established in 1623, followed by a French colony in 1625. The English and French briefly united to massacre the local Kalinago (preempting a Kalinago plan to massacre the Europeans),[7] and then partitioned the island, with the English colonists in the middle and the French on either end. In 1629, a Spanish force sent to clear the islands of foreign settlement seized St. Kitts. The English settlement was rebuilt following the 1630 peace between England and Spain. The island alternated repeatedly between English (then British) and French control during the 17th and 18th centuries, as one power took the whole island, only to have it switch hands due to treaties or military action. Parts of the island were heavily fortified, as exemplified by the UNESCO World Heritage Site at Brimstone Hill and the now-crumbling Fort Charles. Since 1783, St. Kitts has been affiliated with the Kingdom of Great Britain, which became the United Kingdom.British Empire - St. Kitts - 1729

St. Kitts - 1729 Map

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